Category: articles

Cavum Cloud

Cavum Cloud In a recent post, NASA shared a captivating photograph captured by the Terra satellite on January 30, showcasing peculiar holes in the clouds above the Gulf of Mexico and off the coast of Florida. These mysterious formations, known as “cavum clouds” or “hole-punch clouds,” have intrigued scientists for over a decade. What is s Cavum Cloud? A Cavum cloud, also known as a fallstreak hole, is a distinctive cloud feature characterized by a well-defined circular or sometimes linear hole in a thin layer of supercooled water droplet cloud. Characteristics and Formation Cloud Types: Cavum clouds can be found…

Kulasekarapattinam spaceport

Kulasekarapattinam spaceport The Kulasekarapattinam Spaceport, located in the Thoothukudi district of Tamil Nadu, India, is set to become the second spaceport of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) dedicated exclusively for Small Satellite Launch Vehicles (SSLVs) developed by the private sector. Location: Kulasekarapattinam, a coastal village in Thoothukudi district of Tamil Nadu, India. Acres: The facility is being constructed over 2,350 acres. Timeline: The project is expected to be completed in about two years from now. It will be used exclusively by the private sector for SSLV launches, with no ISRO rockets being launched from there. Features and Benefits SSLV…

Internally Displaced Persons

Internally Displaced Persons According to the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are individuals or groups who are compelled to flee or leave their homes or habitual places of residence due to various factors such as armed conflict, generalized violence, human rights violations, or natural or human-made disasters. Unlike refugees, IDPs have not crossed an internationally recognized border. Challenges Faced by Internally Displaced Persons Internally displaced persons encounter numerous challenges, including heightened vulnerability to mortality, physical attacks, sexual assault, and abduction. They often lack adequate shelter, food, and access to healthcare services. IDPs, especially women and children,…

Happy Republic Day

Happy Republic Day What is a Republic? A republic is a form of government in which the country is considered a “public matter,” and the head of state is an elected or appointed official, not a hereditary monarch. In a republic, political power is derived from the people through their elected representatives. The term “republic” comes from the Latin phrase “res publica,” which means “public affair” or “public thing.” India’s Republic Day- 26th January Republic Day in India is a significant national day that commemorates the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect, transforming the nation into…

Suspension of Member of Parliaments

Suspension of Member of Parliaments Thirty-three Lok Sabha members and 45 Rajya Sabha members, all belonging to the Opposition INDIA group, were suspended for disrupting Parliamentary proceedings, primarily in response to last week’s security breach. Key Highlights The MPs were suspended due to disruptions related to the security breach incident in Parliament last week. Reasons for Parliamentary Disruptions: Parliamentary disruptions have historical roots and are often driven by various factors. Chakshu Roy, head of outreach at PRS Legislative Research, identified four broad reasons for disorder in legislatures: Lack of time for MPs to address important matters. Unresponsive attitude of the…

PHYTOREMEDIATION WITH SUNFLOWER

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Namdapha Flying Squirrel

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ISRO’s POLARIMETER

ISRO’s POLARIMETER India’s X-Ray Polarimetry Astronomy Endeavour India is poised to launch its inaugural X-Ray Polarimeter Satellite (XPoSat), signaling a significant advancement in space-based X-Ray astronomy. This mission, distinguished by its focus on investigating the polarization of intense X-Ray sources, represents a substantial addition to traditional studies in time and frequency domains, generating heightened enthusiasm within the astronomy community. XPoSat Mission Overview The XPoSat spacecraft is scheduled for observation from Low Earth Orbit, equipped with two scientific payloads to enable concurrent studies of temporal, spectral, and polarization features of bright X-Ray sources. The mission’s primary objectives include measuring X-Ray polarization…

Reservation in India

Reservation in India Reservation in India is a policy aimed at addressing historical and systemic disadvantages faced by certain groups within the Indian society, especially the marginalized communities. The reservation system includes quotas in educational institutions, government jobs, and legislatures for Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), and Other Backward Classes (OBCs). Historical background of Reservation Policies: The concept of a caste-based reservation system was initially proposed by William Hunter and JyotiraoPhule in 1882. Communal Award of 1932: The reservation system, as it exists today, was substantially shaped by the British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald’s “Communal Award” in 1932. The…