Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri

  • Lal Bahadur Shastri was an eminent Indian political leader who served as the second Prime Minister of India.
  • His life was marked by dedication to the cause of India’s independence and the well-being of its citizens.

Early Life and Education:

  • Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on October 2, 1904, in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh, India, into a humble family.
  • His parents, Sharada Prasad Shrivastava and Ramdulari Devi, instilled in him values of simplicity, honesty, and hard
  • His early life was characterized by financial hardships, but he was a determined and bright
  • He graduated from Kashi Vidyapeeth in Varanasi and later completed his post-graduation in Philosophy from the same
  • His education deeply influenced his thinking and commitment to social issues and the welfare of the common
  • The title “Shastri” was given after the completion of his graduation at Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi in

Involvement in the Indian Freedom Struggle:

  • Shastriji was deeply inspired by the Indian freedom struggle and was drawn into it at a young
  • He joined the non-cooperation movement led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1921 and participated actively in various protests and campaigns against British colonial
  • In 1930, Shastri became the secretary of the local unit of the Congress party and later served as the president of the Allahabad Congress
  • He played a significant role in Mahatma Gandhi’s ‘Salt Satyagraha’ by leading a door-to-door campaign, encouraging people to withhold payment of land revenue and taxes to the British.
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri, along with other prominent Congress leaders, was imprisoned by the British Government in
  • In 1937, he was elected to the Uttar Pradesh Legislative
  • His commitment to the cause earned him respect among his peers and leaders of the Indian National

Political Career:

  • Lal Bahadur Shastri’s political career began to flourish after India gained independence in
  • He held various important positions, including Minister of Police and Transport in Uttar Pradesh.
  • His tenure as the Minister of Police was marked by his firm handling of communal riots in the
  • Shastriji also served as the Union Minister for Railways in the central government, where he played a crucial role in improving the efficiency and modernization of the Indian Railways.
  • In 1956, he resigned from his post as Minister for Railways following a tragic train accident near Ariyalur in Tamil Nadu that resulted in the loss of around 150
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri re-entered the Union Cabinet in 1957, initially serving as the Minister for Transport and
  • In 1961, Shastri was appointed as the Minister for Home
  • During his tenure as Home Minister, he established the “Committee on Prevention of Corruption,” with K. Santhanam as its head, demonstrating his commitment to fighting corruption.

Leadership During Critical Times:

  • One of the defining moments of Shastriji’s political career came when he assumed the role of Prime Minister of India in 1964, succeeding Jawaharlal
  • Shastriji, though soft-spoken and mild-mannered, emerged as the consensus candidate for the role, despite the presence of more influential leaders within the Congress
  • His leadership was tested during the Indo-Pakistani War of
  • He demonstrated firm leadership by making it clear that India would respond to force with
  • Despite facing significant challenges, he maintained a resolute stance and famously coined the slogan “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan” (Hail the soldier, Hail the farmer) to boost the morale of the armed forces and the agricultural community.
  • Under his leadership, India successfully defended itself against Pakistan in the war, and the Tashkent Agreement in 1966 brought an end to hostilities.
  • This diplomatic success showcased his statesmanship and commitment to peace.

Contributions to Indian Agriculture:

  • Lal Bahadur Shastri was a champion of agricultural development in
  • He emphasized the importance of self-sufficiency in food production and introduced various policies and incentives to boost agricultural
  • He initiated the “Green Revolution” to combat food shortages, focusing on long-term agricultural
  • Shastriji also promoted the “White Revolution” and established the National Dairy Development Board in


  • Lal Bahadur Shastri’s tenure as Prime Minister was tragically short- lived, as he passed away on January 11, 1966, under mysterious circumstances in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, shortly after signing the Tashkent
  • His death remains a subject of speculation and
  • Despite his short time in office, Shastriji’s legacy endures in the hearts of Indians.
  • He is remembered as a man of integrity, simplicity, and dedication to the
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award posthumously in 1966.